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A review of methods for synthesis of nanostructured metals with emphasis on iron compounds

A. Tavakoli, M. Sohrabi, and A. Kargari

Department of Chemical Engineering, Amirkabir University of Technology, Tehran, 15914, Iran



Received: 28 June 2006  Revised: 24 December 2006  Accepted: 4 January 2007

Abstract: Synthesis of metal nanoparticles with specific properties is a newly established research area attracting a great deal of attention. Several methods have been put forward for synthesis of these materials, namely chemical vapor condensation, arc discharge, hydrogen plasma—metal reaction, and laser pyrolysis in the vapor phase, microemulsion, hydrothermal, sol-gel, sonochemical, and microbial processes taking place in the liquid phase, and ball milling carried out in the solid phase.
The properties of metal nanoparticles depend largely on their synthesis procedures. In this paper the fundamentals, advantages, and disadvantages of each synthesis method are discussed.

Keywords: synthesis - metal nanoparticles - iron compounds - biomaterials - magnetite - microemulsions

Full paper is available at

DOI: 10.2478/s11696-007-0014-7


Chemical Papers 61 (3) 151–170 (2007)

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