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Isolation and identification of flower oil components from four Staphylea L. species

Ľ. Laciková, E. Švajdlenka, I. Mašterová, and D. Grančai

Department of Pharmacognosy and Botany, Faculty of Pharmacy, Comenius University, Odbojárov 10, 832 32 Bratislava, Slovak Republic

 

E-mail: lacikova@fpharm.uniba.sk

Received: 1 March 2007  Revised: 12 June 2007  Accepted: 14 June 2007

Abstract: Chemical composition of the hydrodistilled volatile fraction from flowers of four Staphylea L. species (Staphylea colchica Stev., Staphylea elegans Zab., Staphylea holocarpa Hemsl., Staphylea pinnata L.) was determined by the GC/MS method. Compounds in fresh and dried flowers (stored for 1 year) were determined. Mostly, structures of different oxygenated aliphatic hydrocarbons in all four species were found. Different aldehydes, ketones, esters of higher fatty acids, and hexadecanoic acid were identified, with dominating content of tricosane, hexadecanoic acid and also of heneicosane, pentacosane, heptacosane, and nonacosane. In S. pinnata L. (fresh flowers) some nonaliphatic hydrocarbons, and in S. holocarpa Hemsl. (fresh flowers) esters of higher fatty acids were found.

Keywords: Staphylea L. - essential oil composition - Staphyleaceae

Full paper is available at www.springerlink.com.

DOI: 10.2478/s11696-007-0071-y

 

Chemical Papers 61 (6) 512–514 (2007)

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