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Modeling of diffusive transport of benzoic acid through a liquid membrane

Stanisław Koter and Piotr Szczepański

Faculty of Chemistry, Nicolaus Copernicus University, 7 Gagarin St., 87-100 Toruń, Poland

 

E-mail: skoter@chem.uni.torun.pl

Abstract: A model of diffusive transport of benzoic acid through a liquid membrane (LM) separating two aqueous solutions, based on diffusion layers and the assumption of a steady state, has been developed and tested using experimental results. It has been found that a model with the apparent partition coefficient dependent on the concentration is able to describe the time dependence of acid concentration in LM with and without a maximum on that dependence. The quality of the model fit with the single apparent diffusion coefficient of benzoic acid is the same as the one which takes into account the diffusion of benzoic acid in different forms (undissociated and dissociated form in aqueous phase, monomer and dimer in organic phase); however, in the second case, the model becomes overparameterized. Assuming that the partition and diffusion coefficients are constant, the diffusion layer model corresponds to the model of reversible consecutive reactions. Analytical solution for such case is given. Apart from the partition equilibrium, also kinetics of partitioning was considered. It was shown that in some basic situations both cases yield identical results.

Keywords: diffusion – benzoic acid – liquid membrane – isooctane – dodecane – partition coefficient – modeling

Full paper is available at www.springerlink.com.

DOI: 10.2478/s11696-011-0010-9

 

Chemical Papers 65 (5) 584–595 (2011)

Wednesday, July 24, 2024

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